But activists fear that exemptions for certain countries could open loopholes to be exploited in future talks.
The UN says Europe has the world’s worst record of throwing away fish. Almost a quarter of all catches go back overboard dead because they are not the fish the crews intended to catch.
The decision reached early on Wednesday morning was driven by northern European nations, including the UK.
They prevailed over mainly Mediterranean countries, which were fighting to protect the interests of their fishermen.
The ban will apply to pelagic stocks like herring and whiting from next year and to white fish stocks from January 2016.
Spain, France and Portugal managed to cling on to some restricted exemptions, particularly relating to crews operating far from land in mixed fisheries where the cost of landing unwanted fish is deemed to be prohibitive.
These crews will be allowed to discard 9%, shrinking to 7%. This figure is too high for the northern nations and the European Commission, which say the public expects that in a hungry world no fish should be thrown away.
Details of how exactly the discards ban will work in practice with the quota system or its projected replacement will be debated later.
The British government, one of the campaigners for change, said it was disappointed that the ban was not absolute, but that last night’s result was an historic victory to end a “scandalous” policy.
It is one instance in which mass public pressure has clearly influenced the politicians; with almost a million people on the Online campaign site Avaaz demanding an end to discards.
UK Fisheries Minister Richard Benyon said: “This is a historic moment in reforming the broken Common Fisheries Policy. The scandal of discards has gone on for too long.
“I am disappointed that some of the measures required to put this ban into place are no longer as ambitious as I had hoped but it’s a price I am willing to accept if it means we can get the other details right.
“The result we have achieved today is another step in the right direction and will prove to be good for both fishermen and the marine environment.”
The deal builds on a recent commitment to fish sustainably, and to allow more regional decision making. Many crucial details are still to be resolved over exactly what sustainably means, how the policy is enforced, how fishing crews are supported and how they are helped to buy gear that fishes more selectively.
Reprinted from BBCnews