This is according to a leading quake expert who is working with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in Haiti to help build its preparedness capacity.
“When the next earthquake hits Haiti we have to be sure that the country is prepared,” UNDP seismologist Eric Calais told reporters at UN Headquarters this week.
“Haiti cannot afford being as poorly prepared as it was on January 12, 2010.”
Calais was brought in to work with UNDP after the Haitian Government asked for UN support to develop earthquake risk reduction capacity.
He said that UNDP disaster risk reduction, working with the Haitian authorities has been able to determinate the magnitude of the ground movement in future earthquakes in the country.
A map showing how susceptible different parts of Port-au-Prince are to seismic movement has also been produced, a tool that will make it possible to plan more resilient buildings in the reconstruction effort. Similar information will soon be available for urban centres.
With UNDP support, Haiti is also in the process of obtaining and operating a seismic monitoring network, which will help authorities gather information on earthquakes for better decision making.
Calais said the UNDP is working with Haiti’s interim reconstruction commission to include disaster risk reduction in the overall rehabilitation strategy.
Last year’s 7.0 magnitude quake killed more than 200,000 people, injured at least 300,000 and displaced 2.3 million people – nearly one quarter of the country’s population. It levelled Haiti’s capital, Port-au-Prince, and delivered a severe blow to the country’s already fragile economy and infrastructure.
(This article was written with content incorporated from a Caribbean360 release)