Mukherjee Elected India President After 40-Year Career

Mukherjee, 76, defeated Purno A. Sangma, 64, a former speaker of the lower house of parliament, securing more than half the total votes cast as counting continued, V. Narayanasamy, a minister in the prime minister’s office, said by phone. He will be sworn in on July 25 for the largely ceremonial post. The CNN-IBN television channel said Mukherjee had won more than double the number of votes cast for his opponent by an electoral college comprising federal and state legislators.

Mukherjee, who served as Prime Minister Manmohan Singh’s finance minister from 2009 until last month, eventually secured the support of coalition allies, including the belated backing of the Trinamool Congress, a regional party whose rebellions have stalled policy making. Sangma was the candidate of the main opposition Bharatiya Janata Party in the July 19 poll of federal and provincial lawmakers.

Boosted by its win in the election, the Congress party-led government must now switch its attention to restoring investor confidence in its economic management with “big ticket” policy initiatives, said Arun Kejriwal, director of Kejriwal Research & Investment Services Pvt. in Mumbai. “After this, what? That’s what the market wants to know,” he said.

Supreme Commander

Singh’s senior economic adviser, Montek Singh Ahluwalia, this month said he expected the administration to “very soon” revisit its suspended push to allow foreign supermarket chains to open stores in India as part of efforts to improve sentiment after economic growth slumped to a nine-year low under Mukherjee’s guidance.

Ahluwalia said the government had set up monitoring mechanisms to ensure faster implementation of road, port and power projects. The measures will help boost economic growth and increase foreign investment flows, he said.

The president is the supreme commander of the armed forces, oversees the creation of a government in the event of a hung parliament and can in rare circumstances send some bills back to lawmakers for reconsideration. The next general election is due by early 2014.

Mukherjee had been the Congress party’s troubleshooter in managing conflicts with allies including Mamata Banerjee, leader of Trinamool Congress, who has repeatedly blocked Singh’s attempts to open up the economy to more foreign investment.

1969 Entry

The former finance chief, who headed as many as two dozen ministerial panels on issues ranging from food production to fuel prices, was rarely out of the news during Singh’s second term. Mukherjee was often called upon to appease government allies angered by proposed policy changes, not always emerging victorious.

Married with two sons and a daughter, Mukherjee, who was a teacher and journalist before entering parliament in 1969, has had stints in charge of India’s foreign, defense, commerce and steel ministries.

Mukherjee will take over from President Pratibha Devisingh Patil, whose five-year term ends July 24.


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