Coach Mano Menezes yesterday named the 31-year-old midfielder in his squad for the friendly match against Ghana to be held at Craven Cottage in London on September 5.
Ronaldinho missed the 2010 World Cup and had been summoned only once by Menezes since then, for a 1-0 loss to Argentina last November.
Real Madrid right back Marcelo and FC Porto striker Hulk also returned to the squad, and Neymar, Paulo Henrique Ganso, Lucas and Robinho also were summoned.
Kaka remained out of the squad as Menezes continues to wait for him to improve his form with Real Madrid. Injured Inter Milan right back Maicon, Fenerbahce left back Andre Santos and Chelsea midfielder Ramires also were left out.
Brazil are coming off a 3-2 loss to Germany in a friendly in Stuttgart last week.
Ronaldinho became one of the most high-profile acquisitions by a Brazilian club when he joined Flamengo at the beginning of the year. It took a while for him to live up to the expectations, however, and he struggled in his first few months with the popular Brazilian club, even being jeered by fans and heavily criticised by local media.
Squad – Goalkeepers: Julio Cesar (Inter Milan), Jefferson (Botafogo), Fabio (Cruzeiro). Defenders: Daniel Alves (Barcelona), Marcelo (Real Madrid), Danilo (Santos), Adriano (Barcelona), Lucio (Inter Milan), David Luiz (Chelsea), Thiago Silva (AC Milan), Dede (Vasco da Gama).Midfielders: Lucas Leiva (Liverpool), Ralf (Corinthians), Luiz Gustavo (Bayern Munich), Elias (Atletico Madrid), Paulo Henrique Ganso (Santos), Lucas (Sao Paulo), Fernandinho (Shakhtar Donetsk), Ronaldinho (Flamengo). Forwards: Alexandre Pato (Milan), Neymar (Santos), Leandro Damiao (Inter-nacional), Robinho (AC Milan), Hulk (FC Porto).