These diseases were believed to be spread by intimate fondness between people, such as hugs, kisses and particularly sexual intercourse hence also earning the name of the social disease.
As early as the times of the ancient Greeks, Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STD), commonly known as Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI) had been identified and studied, however still proves to be a grave problem in our growing population with no respect of boundaries to age, sex or race.
STIs not only presents an immediate potential threat to an individual’s immediate health but also affects the long term well-being and can greatly contribute to increasing health costs.
The consequences in delayed identification of these diseases present a greater impact on the females and children of society. The prevalence of complications such as pelvic inflammatory disease, ectopic pregnancy, cervical cancer and even infertility to state a few will increase. Pregnant females may result in spontaneous abortion on acquiring the disease.
The most popular of these diseases include Chlamydia, gonorrhea and syphilis of which majority of the modern society has a vast library of knowledge. However, the not so popular ones are also present of which persons tend not to know until they are affected directly or indirectly. Examples of these include viral hepatitis (B&C), human papiloma virus (HPV) and (Human Immuno Deficiency Virus) HIV/AIDS.
Viral hepatitis is an infection to the liver of which five types have been identified. Hepatitis A, B C, D and E of which two are known to exist under the branch of sexually transmitted Infections, Hepatitis B &C.
These diseases can go unrecognized in the body for years until the complications begin to appear. Scarring of the liver and a cancer of the liver can bear obvious visible signs such as yellowing of the eyes, swelling of the abdomen, confusion and coma.
The hepatitis infections can also be obtained via blood transfusion, tattoos and needle sharing
The HPV disease has the popular characteristic is the formation of warts, mainly in the genital area, especially identifiable in the vagina. The presence of the HPV virus has been linked to the presence of cancer in cervix, vulva, vagina, penis and anus.
The “gay plague” or Gay Related Immune Deficiency (GIRD) was the stereotypical name given to AIDS (Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome) in 1980’s. The disease was erroneously defined as a viral infection only identified in gays in New York.
It is now known that AIDS caused by HIV virus does not respect sexual preferences. The virus attacks the immune system of the human body permitting the attack of life-threatening opportunistic infections. The disease was first identified by the presence of a particular form of pneumonia known as pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) and a cancer known as Kaposi sarcoma. AIDS is defined as the advanced immunodeficient state of an HIV infected person.
The HIV virus is primarily transmitted by unprotected sexual intercourse but has been known to be spread by shared needles and blood transfusions.
The treatment for these diseases is identified by the correction of the deplorable social behavior of society today. Safe sex promoted through sex clinics and the distribution of condoms. Vaccines are available for viruses such as hepatitis and HPV and prevention the only solution for addressing incurable ones such as HIV.
“An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure” Benjamin Franklin