Chanderpaul was undefeated on 116 that earned him the Man-of-the-Match award, and led the resistance before West Indies were dismissed for 322 in their second innings about 45 minutes before tea on the final day at Windsor Park.
Rampaul then ended the Indians’ interest in chasing 180 for victory with the scalps of Murali Vijay and Suresh Raina, with the visitors finishing on 94 for three, bringing the match to a close with the final 15 overs remaining.
The result meant that West Indies lost the three-Test series 0-1, following a 63-run defeat in the first Test inside four days at Sabina Park in Jamaica. The two teams also drew the second Test at Kensington Oval in Barbados.
Fidel Edwards followed up his career-best innings of 30 with an early wicket for West Indies, trapping opener Abhinav Mukund lbw for a duck with the first ball of India’s chase.
The Indians reached 19 for one at tea, and they were looking set to make a serious assault on the target, when Rahul Dravid and Vijay added 73 for the second wicket.
Vijay got carried away however, and was caught at mid-on off Rampaul for 45, his best score of the series, and Raina, promoted to accelerate the scoring, was caught and bowled by the same bowler four overs later for eight, placing the element of doubt in the minds of the visitors.
Like Edwards, he almost gave it away on 99, when he tucked a delivery from off-spinner Harbhajan Singh to forward short leg, took an exploratory step down the pitch, and was quick enough to regain his ground before the alert fielder Mukund could throw down the stumps.
But Fidel Edwards, whose tail-end exploits with the bat have included a few face-saving partnerships in the past, joined Chanderpaul, partnering him to his milestone, and spending a long time at the crease, further frustrating the Indians.
Raina finished with two wickets for 32 runs from 15.3 overs, but Harbhajan was India’s most successful bowler with four for 75 from 42 overs, and Praveen Kumar captured two for 44 from 21 overs.